Spice mixes and pastes

Ingredients and proportions for selected spice mixes and pastes.

Ingredients and proportions for selected spice mixes and pastes. Always natural cooking, using natural ingredients, flavors, condiments, herbs and spices.

Popular spice blends and pastes

Spices are combined to balance flavors and create new seasonings. Proportions and measures are given, but feel free to change the blends according to your particular taste. Say the word spice and many, many people will think curry. There are several curry mixes. When using ground spices, mix all the spices and strain through a fine sieve. Keep your mixes in a glass jar, in a dark, dry cupboard.

Apple pie spice mix (UK, USA)

4 tsp ground cinnamon; 1 tsp ground clove; 1/2 tsp ground nutmeg.

Barbecue spice mix (UK, USA)

1 tsp chilli pwoder; 1 tsp garlic powder; 2 tsp dried oregano; 1 tsp crushed or ground cumin; 1 tsp onion powder; 1 tsp salt; 1 tsp crushed celery seed; 1 tsp paprika; 1 tsp brown sugar.

Bouquet garni (France, many places)

1 sprig parsley; 1 bay leaf; 1 sprig rosemary; 1 sprig thyme. Tie fresh herbs together with kitchen thread. Put dried herbs into a small piece of cheesecloth and tie into bag form. Add to ingredients as directed in recipe. Remove before serving.

This is our favorite bunch, but you can use virtually any combination of herbs. Your bouquet garni could include only parsley, bay leaf and marjoram. Other good herbs to experiment, adding or substituting, are chervil, dill, marjoram or summer savory. You can find prepared sachets of herbs in many stores.

Chicken seasoning (UK, USA)

1 tsp garlic powder; 1/2 tsp salt; 1/4 tsp paprika; 1 pinch ground cinnamon (optional); 1 pinch dried tarragon.

Chili mix (USA, worldwide)

2 tsp chilli powder; 1 tsp cumin crushed or ground; 1 tsp dried oregano; 1 tsp garlic powder.

Dry rub for ribs (USA)

4 Tbs sweet paprika; 2 Tbs chili powder; 2 Tbs ground cumin; 2 Tbs dark brown sugar; 2 Tbs salt; 1 Tbs dried oregano; 1 Tbs granulated sugar; 1 Tbs ground black pepper; 1 Tbs ground white pepper; 1-2 tsp cayenne pepper. Mix all ingredients in the same bowl. Can be stored up to one week in fridge in an airtight container.

Dry onion soup mix (USA)

Mix 1/4 cup dry onion flakes, 2 lTbs chicken bouillon granules, 1/4 tsp onion powder, 1/4 tsp dried parsley, 1/8 tsp celery seed, 1/8 tsp ground black pepper, 1/8 tsp paprika. This is the equivalent of 1 oz package dry onion soup mix.

Four spice mix (Europe)

1 tsp white pepper; 1/2 tsp ground cloves; 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon; 1/4 tsp nutmeg.

Five spice powder (Chinese)

1 tsp ground cinnamon; 1 tsp ground cloves; 1 tsp ground fennel seeds; 1 tsp ground star anise; 1 tsp ground anise pepper, also known as Sechuan pepper.

Gado-gado sauce paste (Indonesia)

2 tsp garlic, minced; 2 tsp chillies, chopped; 1/4 tsp shrimp paste; 1/4 tsp Laos powder; 1 tsp brown sugar; 6 tsp peanut butter; 2 tsp coconut milk; 1 tsp lemon juice.

Goma (Japan)

4 tsp crushed sesame seeds; 2 tsp soy; 1 tsp sugar.

Herb dry rub (USA, many places)

1 1/2 tsp dried thyme; 1 1/2 tsp dried rosemary; 1 1/2 tsp black pepper cornstarch; 2 bay leaves, crumbled; 2 whole cloves or allspice berries; 1 tsp salt.

Grind all ingredients together in a spice grinder until it becomes a powder. Rub onto the oiled meat. This herb rub is particularly good for pork chops.

Herbs de Provence (France, many places)

1 tsp dried thyme; 1 tsp dried rosemary; 1 tsp dried savory; 1/2 tsp dried oregano; 1/2 tsp dried bay leaves, crushed; 1/2 tsp dried basil.

Herb salt (Europe)

6 Tbs very coarse salt; 1 Tbs peppercorns, whole; 1 tsp dried oregano; 1 tsp marjoram; 1 tsp basil; 1 tsp rosemary; 1 tsp dried minced garlic; 1 tsp mustard seeds; 1/2 tsp coriander seeds. Mix well, keep in a spice mill, and grind fresh.

Louisiana creole seasoning (USA)4>

4 tablespoons paprika; 2 tablespoons ground red pepper; 2 tablespoons salt; 1 tablespoon garlic powder; 1 tablespoon dried thyme; 1 tablespoon dried basil; 2 teaspoons onion powder; 2 teaspoons coarsely ground black pepper; optional, 1 teaspoon crushed red pepper.

Louisiana seasoning (USA)

1 tsp ground cloves; 1 1/8 tsp ground cinnamon; 1 tsp salt; 1 tsp ground bay leaf; 1 tsp ground allspice; 4 tsp ground black pepper; 1/3 tsp ground nutmeg; 1/3 tsp ground mace; 1/3 tsp celery seed; 4 tsp ground white pepper.

Malaysiam garam masala (South Eastern Asia)

1 tsp cumin; ground 1 tsp peppercorns, ground; 1 tsp clove, ground; 1 tsp cardamom, ground.

Mild curry powder (many places)

2 tsp coriander, ground; 1/2 tsp cumin, ground; 1 tsp ground turmeric; 1/2 tsp garam masala; 1/4 tsp fenugreek, ground; 1/4 tsp cardamom, ground; 1/4 tsp chilli powder.

Mixed spice (UK)

1 tsp allspice, ground; 1 tsp ground cinnamon; 1 tsp clove, ground; 1 tsp ground ginger; 1 tsp ground nutmeg.

Nonya spice (Malaysian, Chinese)

2 tsp onion powder; 2 tsp garlic powder; 2 tsp chilli powder; 1 tsp lemon grass powder or sereh; 1 tsp sugar.

Panch poron (Bengala, India)

Also known as the Bengali five spice mix - 1 Tbs nigella, 1 Tbs black mustard seeds, 1 Tbs cumin, 1 Tbs fennel, 1 Tbs fenugreek.

Pickling spice (many places)

1 part allspice, whole; 1 part chilli, whole; 1 part cinnamon, whole; 1 part ginger, diced; 1 part mustard seed, whole; 1 part black peppercorns, whole.

Pilau spice (India)

2 tsp cardamom, ground; 1 tsp coriander, ground; 1 tsp cloves, whole; 1/2 tsp nutmeg, ground; saffron for coloring.